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食品研究与开发:2024,45(10):209-216
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番石榴多糖化学与生物活性研究进展
(1.东北大学生命科学与健康学院,辽宁沈阳 110169;2.辽宁省生物资源开发利用重点实验室,辽宁沈阳 110169)
Research Progress on Chemical and Biological Activity of Psidium guajava Polysaccharides
(1.College of Life and Health Sciences,Northeastern University,Shenyang 110169,Liaoning,China;2.Key Laboratory of Bioresource Research and Development of Liaoning Province,Shenyang 110169,Liaoning,China)
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投稿时间:2023-01-28    
中文摘要: 番石榴(Psidium guajava)为桃金娘科植物,在全球热带及亚热带地区广泛种植。番石榴具有良好的食用和药用价值,长期被用于腹泻、糖尿病等疾病的辅助治疗。多糖是番石榴中的重要活性成分,具有抗氧化、抗肿瘤、抗炎、调节免疫、降血糖、改善肠道微生态等作用。该文对已报道的番石榴多糖提取方法、结构表征及生物活性相关研究进行梳理与总结,以期为番石榴及其多糖类成分在食品及医药领域的进一步开发利用提供参考和借鉴。
中文关键词: 番石榴  多糖  提取工艺  结构表征  生物活性
Abstract:Psidium guajava,a type of fruit tree belonging to the Myrtaceae Family,is widely grown in tropical and subtropical area in the world. In addition to its good edible value,P. guajava is valued for its nutritional and medicinal properties and has been traditionally used as a supportive treatment for multiple diseases such as diarrhea and diabetes.Polysaccharides are major bioactive constituents of P.guajava and have antioxidant,anti-tumor,anti-inflammatory,immunoregulatory,hypoglycemic,and improving gut microbial dysbiosis effects.This review summarizes reported extraction method,structural characterization and biological activities of polysaccharides from P.guajava are reviewed and summarized.The aim is to provide a reference for the further development and utilization of P.guajava and its polysaccharides in food and pharmaceutical industry.
文章编号:202410028     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家级大学生创新创业训练计划资助项目(202210145116);中央高校基本科研业务专项资金(N2224001);辽宁省重点实验室(2022JH13∕10200026)
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